The Saururus Chinensis or Chinese Lizard's Tail is perennial growing up to 0.5m by 0.3m and flowers from July to August. The scented flowers are hermaphrodite, having both male and female organs. The Saururus Chinensis prefers light sandy, medium loamy, heavy clay soils and acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade or no shade, requires wet soil and can even grow in shallow water.
Known medical uses as an antirheumatic, poultice, sedative and stomachic. An infusion of the roots has been used as a wash in the treatment of rheumatism. The root is roasted then mashed and made into a poultice to treat sore breasts and to clean abscesses and boils. A boiled extract of the roots is used as a poultice to heal flesh wound. The dried leaves can be made into a tea for the treatment of back and breast pains and may also be used in the treatment of stomach ailments. The whole plant is antiphlogistic, depurative, diuretic, febrifuge and refrigerant. A decoction is used in the treatment of oedema, nephritis-associated oedema, nutritional oedema, inflammatory conditions and calculus of the urinary system, rheumatoid arthritis, boils and abscesses, rashes and fungal infections of the skin.